Paediatrics is a specific branch of medicine that takes care of infants, children, and adolescents i.e. age limit from 0 to 18 years.
Children are the most crucial to treat since they have some developmental issues. A paediatric surgeon treats the health issues in children that needs surgery. Here, we are going to discuss about Osteosarcoma, a rare but dangerous type of paediatric cancer.
Osteosarcoma is a kind of bone cancer that generally attacks all age groups but mostly the teenagers and young adults are becoming the prey. Although rarely found, this cancer is the most common form of childhood bone cancers in adolescents and very young adults.
In the primary stage, the cancer usually affects the one of the long bones, typically the femur. Prior to diagnosis, most patients complain of pain and swelling at the tumor site. The condition starts becoming critical with the growing pains or a mild trauma. On average, diagnosis is made approximately 4 months after the onset of symptoms.
With the advancement of medical technology, the treatment procedure for osteosarcoma needs both systemic chemotherapy and surgery. Until the advent of modern, limb-sparing, surgical techniques, amputation of the affected limb was necessary. Even with modern surgical procedures, very wide margins are required, sometimes including amputation of a joint. Patients usually receive major reconstructive surgery at the time of the tumor excision or within a few weeks. Patients receiving surgery alone, without chemotherapy, have an 80-90% rate of recurrence, usually in only 3-6 months.
The introduction of new chemotherapy treatments in 1970s and 80s, which are applied along with the surgery, results are found with lower rates of recurrence and longer survivals. Chemotherapy is usually provided to the patient before the surgery for at least 10 weeks. Once the patient have reached to the sufficient level of recovery from the surgery, he gets an additional 20 weeks of chemotherapy. The normal chemotherapy regimen includes doxorubicin, cisplatin, and high-dose methotrexate.
Every parent tries their best to provide the best possible treatment from the best doctors. However not all doctors possess the same level of expertise, for this you need to research a bit. Internet can be the perfect source to begin your research on this. Look for the top paediatricians online that offer standard treatment with good results. Go through their websites and read the patient reviews to get a complete idea about the standard of treatments offered.
Article Source: http://goarticles.com/article/9021799