Breast cancer – is the most frequent form of cancer among women, accounting for about 19% of all malignant tumors. The likelihood of cancer increases with age; about 4% of patients were women younger than 30 years. The highest death rate from this disease is usually between the ages of 40-50 years. A male breast cancer occurs rather rarely.
According to statistics, breast cancer in men is about 1% of all morbidity cases. The main factor for development of breast cancer in men is dishormonal increase of the breast glands. The main symptom is the availability of tumor in the breast.
Risk factors: menopause at age 50 years, no childbirth, or the first pregnancy over 30 years of age (the incidence is 3 times more often); family history, suggesting breast cancer among mothers, sisters (2 times more often) or both ( 6 times more often); fibrous-cystic mastopathy (3-5 times more often).
According to a recent study, many women do not know what the treatment of breast cancer is. Scientists argue that only half of patients, who are diagnosed with early stage cancer, clearly understand the risk and all the benefits of therapy based on the removal of mammary gland tumors and radiotherapy at the same time.
Lumpectomy – is the alternative to mastectomy – amputation of the breast – which allows you to save your women breasts. Traditionally, this operation is accompanied by further treatment in order to avoid complications. At the same time, specialists argue that not all women are aware of all the “pro” and “con” of this method of treatment. The results of the analysis, confirming the lack of awareness among women regarding the methods of treatment of breast cancer were published in the latest issue of the journal Health Services Research.
It was attended by 1132 women from Detroit and Los Angeles, who went through surgery to remove breast cancer at the stage of cancer without metastasis. All women were interviewed for awareness of cancer therapy, were also clarified issues on which the patient communicated with their treating physicians.
The results of analysis shoe, 48% of women testified about their lack of familiarity with statistics, which reflects the efficiency of operations mastectomy in relation to treatment with lumpectomy and radiation.
The study was conducted at the University of Michigan. According to Dr. Sarah Hawley, lack of awareness among women about the consequences of the operation in the mammary gland tumors has resulted in the frequent cases of adverse reactions of patients to the effects of treatment, as well as the wrong choice of treatment modality.